Sunday, August 2, 2009


When the Trilateral Commission was first launched, the plan was for an equal number of members from each of the three regions. The numbers soon began to grow,
and ceilings were imposed about 1980. These ceilings have been raised somewhat since then as new countries came to be represented in the groups.
The European Group, which includes members from Austria, Belgium/Luxembourg, Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom, now has a ceiling of 170 members, which is divided into national quotas. Germany has a quota of 20; France, Italy, and the United Kingdom each have a quota of 18; and Spain has a quota of 12. The remaining national quotas range from 6 to 1.
The ceiling for the North American Group is 120, including 20 Canadian members, 13 Mexican members and 87 U.S. members.
The Japanese Group of 85 members expanded in 2000 to become the Pacific Asian Group and now includes over 100 members from Japan, Korea, Australia, New Zealand, and the original five ASEAN countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand). Triennium Participants from the People's Republic of China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan have also participated.
The Commission recently began admitting members from China and India.
To help preserve the Commission’s unofficial character, members who take up positions in their national administration give up Trilateral Commission membership. New members are chosen on a national basis. The procedures used for rotation off and for invitation of new members vary from national group to national group. Three chairmen (one from each region), deputy chairmen, and directors constitute the leadership of the Trilateral Commission, along with an Executive Committee including 36 other members. The current full membership list is available by e -mail or by contacting any of the regional offices.
Chairmen, Deputy Chairmen and Directors
North American Chairman: JOSEPH S. NYE, JR. University Distinguished Service Professor and former Dean, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; former Chair, National Intelligence Council and former U.S. Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs
European Chairman: PETER SUTHERLAND Chairman, BP p.l.c., London; Chairman, Goldman Sachs International; Chairman, London School of Economics; UN Special Representative for Migration and Development; former Director General, GATT/WTO; former Member of the European Commission; former Attorney General of Ireland
Page 2 of 5Trilateral Commission Membership
Pacific Asian Chairman: YOTARO KOBAYASHI Former Chairman of the Board, Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd., Tokyo
North American Deputy Chairman: ALLAN E. GOTLIEB Senior Adviser, Bennett Jones LLP, Toronto, ON; Chairman, Sotheby's, Canada; former Canadian Ambassador to the United States
North American Deputy Chairman: LORENZO ZAMBRANO Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, CEMEX, Monterrey, NL, Mexico
European Deputy Chairman: HERVE DE CARMOY Chairman, ETAM, Paris; Honorary Chairman, Banque Industrielle et Mobilière Privée, Paris; former Chief Executive, Société Générale de Belgique
European Deputy Chairman: ANDRZEJ OLECHOWSKI Founder, Civic Platform; former Chairman, Bank Handlowy; former Minister of Foreign Affairs and of Finance, Warsaw
Pacific Asian Deputy Chairman: HAN SUNG-JOO Chairman, The Asan Instiute for Policy Studies; former President, Korea University, Seoul; former Korean Minister for Foreign Affairs; former Korean Ambassador to the United States
Pacific Asian Deputy Chairman: SHIJURO OGATA Former Deputy Governor, Japan Development Bank; former Deputy Governor for International Relations, Bank of Japan

North American Director: MICHAEL J. O’NEIL European Director: PAUL RÉVAY Pacific Asia Director: TADASHI YAMAMOTO

Former North American Chairmen: THOMAS S. FOLEY (2001-2008) PAUL A. VOLCKER (1991-2001) Honorary North American Chairman DAVID ROCKEFELLER (1977-91) Founder and Honorary North American Chairman GERARD C. SMITH (1973-77)
Former European Chairmen: OTTO GRAF LAMBSDORFF (1992-2001) Honorary European Chairman GEORGES BERTHOIN (1976-92) Honorary European Chairman MAX KOHNSTAMM (1973-76)
Former Japanese Chairmen: KIICHI MIYAZAWA , Acting Chairman (1993-97) AKIO MORITA (1992-93) ISAMU YAMASHITA (1985-92) TAKESHI WATANABE (1973-85)

Page 3 of 5Trilateral Commission Membership
Executive Committee
Edmond Alphandéry, Chairman, CNP Assurances, Paris; former Chairman, Electricité de France (EDF); former Minister of the Economy and Finance Erik Belfrage, Senior Vice President, Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken; Director, Investor AB, Stockholm C. Fred Bergsten, Director, Peterson Institute for International Economics, Washington DC; former U.S. Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs Georges Berthoin, International Honorary Chairman, European Movement; Honorary Chairman, The Jean Monnet Association; Honorary European Chairman, The Trilateral Commission Catherine Bertini, Professor of Public Administration, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY; Senior Fellow, Agricultural Development, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation; former Under Secretary-General for Management, United Nations; former Executive Director, UN World Food Program Jorge Braga de Macedo, President, Tropical Research Institute, Lisbon; Professor of Economics, Nova University at Lisbon; Chairman, Forum Portugal Global; former Minister of Finance François Bujon de l'Estang, Ambassadeur de France; Chairman, Citi France, Paris; former Ambassador to the United States Richard Conroy, Chairman, Conroy Diamonds & Gold, Dublin; Member of Senate, Republic of Ireland Alfonso Cortina, Vice Chairman, Rothschild Europe; Senior Advisor for Spain and Latin America, Rothschild; Senior Advisor for Spain, Texas Pacific Group; Member, Board of Directors, Mutua Madrileña; Member, International Advisory Board, Allianz AG, Madrid Vladimir Dlouhy, Senior Advisor, ABB; International Advisor, Goldman Sachs; former Czechoslovak Minister of Economy; former Czech Minister of Industry & Trade, Prague Kenneth M. Duberstein, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, The Duberstein Group, Washington, DC; former Chief of Staff to President Ronald Reagan Thomas S. Foley, former U.S. Ambassador to Japan; former Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives; former North American Chairman, Trilateral Commission, Washington, DC Michael Fuchs, Member of the German Bundestag; former President, National Federation of German Wholesale & Foreign Trade, Berlin Antonio Garrigues Walker, Chairman, Garrigues Abogados y Asesores Tributarios, Madrid Toyoo Gyohten, President, The Institute for International Monetary Affairs; Senior Advisor, The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi, UFJ, Ltd., Tokyo John J. Hamre, President, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC; former U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense and Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) Stuart Harris, Professor of International Relations, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University; former Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs, Canberra Carla A. Hills, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Hills & Company, Washington, DC; former U.S. Trade Representative; former U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Karen Elliott House, Writer, Princeton, NJ; Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; former Senior Vice President, Dow Jones & Company, and Publisher, The Wall Street Journal Mugur Isarescu, Governor, National Bank of Romania, Bucharest; former Prime Minister of Romania
Page 4 of 5Trilateral Commission Membership
Baron Daniel Janssen, Honorary Chairman, Solvay, Brussels Béla Kadar, Member of the Hungarian Academy, Budapest; Member of the Monetary Council of the National Bank; President of the Hungarian Economic Association; former Ambassador of Hungary to the O.E.C.D., Paris; former Hungarian Minister of International Economic Relations and Member of Parliament Lord Kerr of Kinlochard, Deputy Chairman, Royal Dutch Shell plc; Member of the House of Lords, London; former British Ambassador to the United States; former Secretary General, European Convention Sixten Korkman, Managing Director, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy (ETLA) and Finnish Business and Policy Forum (EVA), Helsinki Count Otto Lambsdorff, Partner, TaylorWessing Lawyers, Düsseldorf; former Chairman, Friedrich Naumann Foundation, Berlin; former Member of German Bundestag; Honorary Chairman, Free Democratic Party; former Federal Minister of Economy; former President of the Liberal International; Honorary European Chairman, The Trilateral Commission, Paris Lee Hong-Koo, Chairman, Seoul Forum for International Affairs; former Prime Minister of Korea; former Korean Ambassador to the United Kingdom and the United States Marianne Lie, Consultant, Norsk Investorforum, Oslo; former Director General, Norwegian Shipowners Association Cees Maas, Senior Advisor, Cerberus Global Investment Advisors; Honorary Vice Chairman of the ING Group and former Chief Financial Officer, Amsterdam; former Treasurer of the Dutch Government Roy MacLaren, former Canadian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom; former Canadian Minister of International Trade; Toronto, ON Minoru Makihara, Senior Corporate Advisor, Mitsubishi Corporation, Tokyo Sir Deryck C. Maughan, Member, KKR & Co., New York, NY Minoru Murofushi, President, Development Bank of Japan, Tokyo Yoshio Okawara, President, Institute for International Policy Studies, Tokyo; former Japanese Ambassador to the United States Luis Rubio, President, Center of Research for Development (CIDAC), Mexico City, DF Silvio Scaglia, Founder, Chairman and Financial Backer, Babelgum, London; Chairman, S.M.S. Finance S.A., Luxembourg; former Chairman, Fastweb, Milan Guido Schmidt-Chiari, Chairman, Supervisory Board, Constantia Group; former Chairman, Creditanstalt Bankverein, Vienna Susan Schwab, Professor, Maryland School of Public Policy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD; former U.S. Trade Representative Carlo Secchi, Professor of European Economic Policy and former Rector, Bocconi University; Vice President, ISPI, Milan; former Member of the Italian Senate and of the European Parliament Tøger Seidenfaden, Editor-in-Chief, Politiken, Copenhagen Petar Stoyanov, former President of the Republic of Bulgaria; Member of the Bulgarian Parliament; Chairman, Parliamentary Group of United Democratic Forces; Chairman, Union of Democratic Forces; Sofia Strobe Talbott, President, The Brookings Institution, Washington, DC; former U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Raivo Vare, Partner, Sthenos Group, and OÜ RVVE Group; Member of the President's Academic Advisory Board; former Estonian Minister of State and former Minister of Transport and Communication, Tallinn George Vassiliou, former Head of the Negotiating Team for the Accession of Cyprus to the European Union; former President of the Republic of Cyprus, former Member of Parliament and Leader of United Democrats; Nicosia Paul Volcker, Chairman, President's Economic Recovery Advisory Board; former Chairman, Wolfensohn & Co., Inc., New York; Frederick H. Schultz Professor Emeritus, International Economic Policy, Princeton University; former Chairman,
Page 5 of 5Trilateral Commission Membership
Board of Governors, U.S. Federal Reserve System; Honorary North American Chairman and former North American Chairman, The Trilateral Commission Marko Voljc, Chief Executive Officer, K & H Bank Zrt, Budapest; former General Manager Central Europe Directorate, KBC Bank Insurance Holding, Brussels; former Chief Executive Officer, Nova Ljubljanska Banka, Ljubljana Panagis Vourloumis, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Hellenic Telecommunications Organization (O.T.E.), Athens Jusuf Wanandi, Vice Chairman, Board of Trustees; Centre for Strategic and International Studies, Jakarta Heinrich Weiss, Chairman, SMS, Düsseldorf; former Chairman, Federation of German Industries, Berlin
The full membership list is available by e-mail or by contacting any of the regional offices.